The Socialist Republic of Vietnam
Mainland Territory: 329,241 sq. km
Population: 98,953,541, a 0.8% increase from 2021.
National Capital: Hanoi
Lying on the eastern part of the Indochinese peninsula, Vietnam is a strip of land shaped like the letter “S”. China borders it to the north, Laos, and Cambodia to the west, the East Sea to the east, and the Pacific Ocean to the east and south.
The country’s total length from north to south is 1,650km. Its width, stretching from east to west, is 600km at the widest point in the north, 400km in the south, and 50km at the narrowest part, in the centre, in Quang Binh Province. The coastline is 3,260km long and the inland border is 4,510km.
Latitude: 102º 08′ – 109º 28′ east
Longitude: 8º 02′ – 23º 23′ north
Vietnam is also a transport junction from the Indian Ocean to the Pacific Ocean.
Climate: Vietnam lies in the tropics and monsoon (detail)
Topography: Three-quarters of Vietnam’s territory consists of mountains and hills (detail)
Administrative Units: Vietnam is divided into 64 provinces and cities.